Currently viewing the tag: "event"
Ugandan director Kamoga Hassan discusses his film, "Outed: The Painful Reality," with journalist and queer media instructor Andrea Houston. Photo: Jessica Ross

Ugandan director Kamoga Hassan discusses his film, “Outed: The Painful Reality,” with journalist and queer media instructor Andrea Houston. Photo: Jessica Ross

BY JESSICA ROSS
Special to the RJRC

Queer Ugandan filmmaker Kamoga Hassan lives in fear for his life, but says he is determined to keep telling stories from one of the most dangerous countries in the world for people who are part of the lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) community.

Hassan spoke with Andrea Houston, a freelance journalist and instructor for the Ryerson School of Journalism’s Queer Media course, following a Sept. 20 screening of his 2014 film Outed: The Painful Reality. The movie is a drama based on the true story of what happened after a Ugandan newspaper printed an article that outed the “top 200 homosexuals” in the country. The article listed photos, names and phone numbers and resulted in the arrest, exile and in some cases murder of many of those who were named.

“There are times when I’m really afraid,” said Hassan of making the film and being a queer man in Uganda. “I can seek asylum if I wanted, but if we all run away from Uganda, no one is there to tell these kinds of stories.”

His feature film recounts the true story of how one of the men identified in the newspaper story was tortured by police and killed by a mob. Hassan said he originally wanted to make a documentary about the man’s death, but the victim’s family refused to participate.

“The media is an extension of the government,” said Hassan. “The government uses the media to assert their laws and ideals.”

He said that in Uganda, homosexuality is considered a choice and that he would not want to be queer if it were a choice that he could make.

“I don’t think Canadians truly understand what it’s like to live in fear everyday. Fear for your life, fear for your friends, your lovers, your family,” Houston told students, faculty and others who attended the event organized by the Ryerson Journalism Research Centre.

Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed a bill in 2014 that defined homosexual behaviour as a crime punishable by life in prison. Colloquially known as the “kill the gays bill,” the bill was the subject of international condemnation and was eventually annulled by the country’s Constitutional Court over a technicality. It nonetheless remains illegal to be gay in Uganda. Hassan said members of the LGBTQ community are often exiled by their families and friends, lose their homes and are fired from their jobs.

The government, for instance, moved quickly to halt a recent Ugandan LGBTQ Pride event. Ethics and Integrity Minister Lokodo Simon released a statement that read, “The organizers of the planned Gay Parade on Saturday, Sept. 24, 2016 are advised to stop their activities immediately or otherwise they will be arrested and prosecuted in the courts of law.” He said that the event is against the Ugandan Penal Code, which states that promoting homosexuality is against the law.

Hassan said he had to shoot Outed in secret because he was worried the police would realize they were making a queer film. And when it was released, he could only show the film in secret at queer-friendly venues because it was banned from being shown in public. Any film depicting homosexuality, he said, is considered an attempt at “recruiting” straight men and young people to become gay and is therefore considered a criminal act.

While his film is still banned in his homeland, Hassan has received positive feedback from the international film community. He won the Barbara Gittings International Human Rights Award in 2015 and the Best International Feature Film Award at the Baltimore International Black Film Festival.

The director said that he hopes he’ll be able to show his films in public in Uganda in the future but, for now, he’s “fighting underground.”

Hassan and his business partner, Montreal media artist and curator Karin Hazé, who also attended the RJRC screening, are starting a mentorship program for filmmakers in the 75 countries that have criminalized homosexuality. The program, called 75 Shots, will provide a platform for LGBTQ directors in those countries who want to use their films to speak out against criminalization. Hazé said they hope to start the project this year.

“The inspiration for this mentorship program is to let people tell their own stories in their own words … using film as a weapon,” said Hazé.

Hassan is also raising funds to create the first – and now only – queer film festival in Africa. The Queer Kampala International Film Festival celebrates the diversity of Kampala’s queer community and aims to spread awareness through film, he said.

Hassan said he has been arrested for his films and for his efforts to champion the film festival. Once he returns to Uganda, he said, he could go to jail for 14 years.

He hopes that a Twitter photo of himself marching in this year’s Montreal Pride parade with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau will protect him. Ugandan authorities, he said, may “think that the world is looking at [him] in a certain way.” The photo could also put him in danger, however, if the authorities think that he is returning from Canada with money and foreign political connections to “recruit” straight people into “homosexual lifestyles,” a common conspiracy theory in the country.

Regardless, Hassan says that social media plays an important role in the fight for human rights and even once saved his life. He and about 300 others were arrested for marching in this year’s Ugandan Pride Parade, he said, and held by police in a very small room. They were not allowed to leave, use the washroom or use their cellphones. Many were beaten, stripped of their clothes and sexually violated.

They managed, however, to secretly Tweet what was happening and this sparked international outrage about their situation. Foreign embassies contacted the Ugandan government and managed to get Hassan and the other marchers released.

“It’s the power of speaking out,” said Hassan. “When we shared this information, people started sharing it with their friends and that’s how we got saved.”

Despite the dangers, Hassan said that he wants to tell such stories so he can “push and change things” in Uganda, rather than have to change himself and the LGBTQ community.

“When we start fighting now, we are actually making it easier for the next generation of people who are going to come [after] us,” said Hassan. “It’s a risky fight, but we cannot die in silence.”

Watch the full discussion with director Kamoga Hassan below:

Kamal Al-Solaylee, Angelyn Francis and Jim Rankin discuss how reporters can get comfortable while covering controversial stories at an RJRC panel.

Kamal Al-Solaylee, Angelyn Francis and Jim Rankin discuss how reporters can get comfortable while covering controversial stories at an RJRC panel. Photo: Madeleine Binning.

BY MADDIE BINNING
Staff Reporter

Young journalists – and even industry veterans – can feel uncomfortable reporting controversial stories on topics like race, gender and LGBT issues. Some may even shy away from reporting on these topics to avoid the social media blowback that could follow.

But feeling uncomfortable while reporting on some communities and situations is part of being a good journalist, said Toronto Star investigative reporter Jim at the Ryerson Research Centre’s (RJRC) recent panel, “Getting Comfortable with Being Uncomfortable.” 

“If as a journalist you’re feeling comfortable all the time, you’re not doing good journalism,” said Rankin. “You should be able to step outside of your comfort zone.”

The first RJRC event this fall, the panel attracted about 100 journalism students, faculty members and members of the public to the Rogers Communication Centre at Ryerson University. The discussion, featuring Rankin, award-winning author Kamal Al-Solaylee and Angelyn Francis, associate editor for The Huffington Post, focused on how journalists can deal with discomfort while reporting on controversial issues and the importance of covering difficult topics.

The key to covering such stories is taking the time to get to know sources and neighbourhoods, Rankin said.

“People generally are generous and they want to share their stories,” he said. “And there’s nothing that beats getting out into the communities that you are writing about.”

Beginning in 2002, Rankin led a team of Toronto Star reporters in investigating police carding in Toronto. His award-winning coverage showed that random street checks targeted a disproportionate number of black and brown men in the city. Subsequent reporting on the issue led him to the Weston-Mount Dennis neighbourhood in 2012, an area with a significant black population and a heavy police presence. During the panel, Rankin explained that reporting on the carding story from that area of Toronto involved visiting community hubs and acting as a “fly on the wall.”

“If you go into the community, spend time there, gain trust, don’t go in with your cameras blazing. Take time to get to know people – that’s the way that you establish relationships,” he advised.

He said that it can be difficult for reporters to know they’re on the right track when reporting on unfamiliar groups or places and suggested it helps to have a contact inside the community, even if the source won’t be directly quoted in the story.

“Go find a ‘rabbi,’” said Rankin. “It’s someone who knows everything about the thing you’re about to write about. Sit down with them and say, ‘Tell me everything I need to know.’”

These community insiders can also be used to test whether a story is accurate and to follow up on stories later, he said.

“Don’t just leave a story that’s an important story and walk away,” he advised.

Al-Solaylee, a professor at the Ryerson School of Journalism (RSJ), said that he travelled to 10 countries to write his recently published book, Brown: What Being Brown in the World Today Means (to Everyone).

“Being in the world that you wish to write about, that you wish to cover, is, to me, the most valuable thing,” said Al-Solaylee.

He said that one challenge he faced while researching his book was writing about people that he often had “nothing in common” with. Because, as he explained, he was interviewing construction workers, temporary workers and domestic workers from a place of “privilege” as a university professor, it was even more important to him to see their experiences firsthand.

“Let [sources] decide where and when they want to meet and if you’re flexible, that really helps,” he advised, noting that many people were eager to talk to him but also anxious about it. “I meet a lot of people at their comfort zone instead of asking them to come to me.”

Francis, a recent graduate from the RSJ and currently a freelance journalist, stressed that that it is important to tell difficult stories.

“Because of the racial tensions in the United States, Canadians are too quick to write off the fact that racism exists in Canada,” said Francis, who was involved with multiple student groups such as the Racialised Students’ Collective during her time at Ryerson.

“Most of the stories that I write about race pertain to Canada, so [racism] definitely does happen here,” she said. “Just don’t let those stories pass you by and say that, ‘Oh, that’s not necessarily something that’s happening here.’”

She also urged journalists to do their homework and thoroughly research the topics they cover.

“It’s definitely important for us as journalists to learn the skills of interviewing, to learn the skills of how to tell a good story and how to think critically,” said Francis, “but you need to have a little bit of background in what you want to write critically about.”

Watch the full panel below: